ETS公認トレーナー直伝 TOEFL iBTテスト対策、ここがポイント!



第8回 TOEFL iBT® テストWriting対策 No.2
Integrated Writing注意点


前回TOEFL iBT® テスト Writing対策  No.1 試験の目的、採点の仕組みなどを理解しよう)では、簡単にIntegrated Writingの概略に触れましたね。念のために該当部分を以下に再掲載します:

Integrated Taskはアカデミックトピックで、Reading(3分)で提示されるトピック・主張に対してListening(2分程度)で議論します。そして20分でそれらの情報に基づきWritingを行います。ここでは自分の意見は求められず、あくまでもReadingの情報とListeningの情報の関係性についてまとめます。Readingのパッセージ(長文)は3分経つと一旦消えてListening中には読めません。が、Writingの時間が始まると、画面左側にまた表示されますので参照することができます。

また字数の目安として、150-225 wordsという数字が出ているという話もしました。

それでは今回は、実際にIntegrated Writingを皆さんに体験していただき、それを基に今後の対策を考えるように指導していきます。それにあたり以下が必要になります。

  • - パソコン (実際にキーボードでエッセイを作成していただくため、スマホなどではなくパソコンでお願いします)
  • - イヤホン・ヘッドホン (音声が聴ける準備をお願いします)
  • - メモ用紙 (ReadingとListening、両方からの情報をメモする必要があります)
  • - パソコンの「メモ帳」「ワードパッド」などの文章作成ソフト
  • - タイマー (読み・書きの時間を計るため)


  • - Reading (3 minutes)
  • - Listening (1-2 minutes)
  • - Writing (20 minutes)


You have 20 minutes to plan and write your response. Your response will be judged on the basis of the quality of your writing and on how well your response presents the points in the lecture and their relationship to the reading passage. Typically, an effective response will be 150 to 225 words.

Reading Time: 3 minutes
Reading passage(PDFファイルが開きます)



Summarize the points made in the lecture, being sure to explain how they respond to the specific points made in the reading passage.

Writing time: 20 minutes


まずReadingの方のポイントですが、主張したいポイントが全体として1つあり、それをサポートするポイントが3つあります。今回はthe Chevalierのmemoir(= 自伝、伝記)はaccurateではない、というのが全体として主張したいポイントですね。では何故memoirが正確でないのか、そのサポート・理由をreadingから3つ確実に理解しましょう。

  • 1. In the memoir, the Chevalier claims that he was wealthy while living in Switzerland, but since the Chevalier is known to have borrowed money there, he cannot have been very rich.
  • 2. The memoir claims to recount accurate conversations between the Chevalier and the famous writer Voltaire; this cannot be true, since it was written so many years after the conversations occurred.
  • 3. The memoir states that the Chevalier escaped from a Venetian prison by making a hole in the ceiling and climbing through the roof; this is unlikely, since the Chevalier could have asked politically well-connected friends.


さて内容の確認はできましたか?Readingで主張されたポイントに対して、Listeningの内容が反論や矛盾点の指摘になっていることに気がつきましたか?これが現在出題されているIntegrated Writingの主流のパターンですので覚えておきましょう。


  • 1. The Chevalier’s wealth was in the form of property that had to be sold in order to generate cash. So he wasn’t poor; he just had to borrow money for a few days while he waited for his property to be sold.
  • 2. Each night after the conversations took place, the Chevalier wrote down everything he could remember from them. Witnesses confirm that when writing his memoir years later, the Chevalier regularly consulted these notes.
  • 3. Other prisoners who had even more powerful political connections were never able to bribe their way to freedom, so the Chevalier probably couldn’t either. Also, prison records indicate that soon after the Chevalier’s escape, the ceiling of his room in the prison had to be repaired.
    (より強力な政治家とのコネがある他の囚人達ですら、賄賂を使って脱獄することはできなかった。またthe Chevalierの脱獄後に、監獄の天井を修復する必要があった)



Sample Essay:

The lecturer argues that the accuracy and reliability of the Chevalier’s memoir cannot be doubted. For one, the Chevalier did not have financial problems as the reading claims he did. He had assets that could be sold, but it took time for the transactions to be completed. While it is true that he had to borrow money from merchants, it was only while he waited for his assets to be cashed. It did not mean that he was poor.

In addition, while the accuracy of the Chevalier’s conversations with Voltaire is doubted, according to the professor, the Chevalier wrote down everything about the conversation each night. In fact, when the Chevalier was writing his memoir, he was witnessed to be using his notes. These suggest that the Chevalier’s memoir was written with certain accuracy.

The final point is about the Chevalier’s escape from prison. Although the Chevalier had connections with politicians, it is unlikely that he was able to use them to escape from prison because other prisoners with even stronger political connections were unable to use bribery to escape. Rather, it is more plausible that the Chevalier escaped from prison by drilling a hole in the ceiling because after his escape, the ceiling of his prison cell had to be repaired.

All in all, the lecture’s argument contradicts what the critics of the Chevalier say about his memoir.

それでは今回はここまでにしましょう。ではまた次回(TOEFL iBT® テストReading対策 No.2 スコアアップの心得10か条)に!

五十峰 聖先生
  • 五十峰聖先生
  • ETS Authorized Propell® Facilitator
    ETS TOEFL ITP® Teacher Development Workshop Facilitator
  • 桜美林大学 芸術文化群 特任講師
  • プロフィールはこちら
TOEFL iBT Writing Section Scoring Guide


ETS公認トレーナーが解決!TOEFL® テスト質問箱

ETS公認トレーナーに聞いてみよう!TOEFL ITPテストFAQ